As one of the most common sexually transmitted disease, herpes or herpes simplex is a communicable disease that cause by two species in one genus of virus. HSV-1 or Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 and HSV-2 or Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 is the etiological agents that cause this disease. This disease is occurring around the world and wide spread throughout each country. Herpes is divided into two types that are genital herpes that infect genital area and also the oral herpes or herpes in the mouth that as the name given are infected the mouth part area.
Oral herpes or some called herpes in the mouth as mentioned before are the types of herpes that infect the mouth area either on the lips or inner part of the mouth. The infection of this type of herpes is usually associated with HSV-1 that as primary infection with this species of a virus can be mild and in apparent and occur in early childhood. Most of the cases that associated with oral herpes are occurring among the children group. It is because the nature of the children that like to put anything in their mouth and also because of they still lack in good hygiene practice.
The main reservoir is human where the transmission process can occur by the contact with HSV-1 virus in the saliva of the patient or the carriers. It was the most important thing mode of transmission of the herpes in the mouth either in children or adult. There is an additional method of transmission of oral herpes on adult. Through sexual activities especially in the foreplay stage before sexual intercourse, mostly there are kissing activities involving kissing the genital area. If the person have been infected with genital herpes, he can transfer the virus to his couple and become oral herpes infection to the kisser.
The incubation period for herpes in the mouth is generally around 2 to 12 days where it was commonly shown the first symptom between 2 to 7 days. The period of communicability for oral herpes are around 2 to 7 weeks, means that the virus can be transmitted even further in terms of time from the initial symptom occurred. The HSV-1 can be isolated from stomatitis or the sores and blisters that burst out pus that contain high density of the virus.
The Most Dangerous Fact About Herpes In The Mouth Infection.
The most dangerous fact about oral herpes infection is the recurrence of the disease in the future. Even all the sign and symptom have gone through the treatment, the disease still can occur again in the future as long as the virus still exist in the person body. This condition is also known as the dormant stage where basically the virus is in the dormant state but with proper factors, it can emerge again. The recurrence infection usually has milder symptoms compare to the initial infection and the existence of antibodies are significantly related to it. Sometimes the person who get the recurrence infection shown no sign and symptoms or asymptomatic.
Oral herpes has identically the same symptoms with the genital herpes, where it only differentiates by the infected area. The person that is infected with oral herpes or herpes in the mouth commonly will show a sores or blisters on the lips and also around the mouth. These symptoms can last for a few weeks and sometimes will vanish or go even without any treatment. The bad things about it, the symptoms can return again either in terms of weeks, months or maybe years. In more severe case of herpes in the mouth, the sores or blisters can be found infect the inner area of the mouth especially those who are first time infected with this disease.
It also has a stage that known as first episode or more commonly refer to initial herpes. It is the stage when the first symptom of this disease appears on the patient and it can occur in both herpes in the mouth and genital herpes. The symptoms on this stage include fever, chills, headache, swollen in certain glands especially in the pelvic, throat and under arms areas. Other symptoms such achy, flu-like feelings and also uncomfortable on the area that had been affected can also be occur. This stage commonly occur and heal in 2 to 4 weeks time but can flare up again in the future due to the virus are still in the body. The symptoms will appear more severely to weak immune system group of people such as person with HIV or leukemia.
Herpes in the mouth or oral herpes are common can be prevented by applying precaution and prevention methods before somebody can be infected by this disease. Health education and personal hygiene are the main methods can be applied to prevent the herpes infection. It has the main objective toward minimizing the transfer of the infectious materials. Understand what is this disease are all about, the treatment that been implied to overcome this disease and also the prevention activities are essential if we want to see the decreasing number of cases in the near future.